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PRESERVING THE ITEMS THAT WITNESSED HISTORY

Operation Corridor 92

Operation Corridor 92

Operation Corridor 92 (Serbian: Operacija Koridor 92) also known as The Corridor of life (Serbian: Koridor života) is the name of a large-scale military operation conducted by the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) during the Bosnian war. The strategic goal of this operation, which was performed between 14th of June and 6th of October 1992, was to physically connect the western part of the Serb-held territories in Bosnia and Croatia with the eastern part, and therefore with FR Yugoslavia, through the Croatian occupied territories.

 

Between March and May of 1992, the Croatian Defence Council and the regular armed forces of Republic of Croatia, occupied the towns Bosanski Brod, Odžak, Modriča, and Derventa in Bosanska Posavina region in the eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, cutting off the western part of Serb controlled territories, including Banja Luka, the capital city of Republika Srpska, from the eastern part and the border with FR Yugoslavia. The Croatian offensive not only split the territory of Republika Srpska in half, but it has also broken the supply chain that connected FR Yugoslavia with Republika Srpska and the Serb Autonomous Region Krajina, a rebel Serb territory in Croatia. Supply by land was of vital importance for Republika Srpska, primarily for the reason that FR Yugoslavia was under UN Defence Council sanctions. Under UN Resolution 757, Bosnia was declared a no-flight zone therefore flights towards Republika Srpska were not allowed. The consequences of that were the lack of essential supplies, medications, especially medical oxygen, which caused the deaths of 12 babies in Banja Luka nursery.

 

By June 1992, the military leadership of the Republika Srpska decided that a large-scale military offensive is necessary to prevent a possible humanitarian crisis.

 

In June 1992, on the orders of General Momir Talic, preparations for the operation under the code name "Corridor-92" began, and the Serbian forces were divided into three tactical groups, numbering 54 000 fighters from Republika Srpska and Serb Autonomous Region Krajina faced against around 20 000 Croatian fighters.

 

The main phase of Operation Corridor-92 begun on 24th of June 1992, after members of the 16th Krajina Motorized Brigade under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Milan Celeketic, with the assistance of tank companies from Doboj operated in the southern part of the battlefield around the town of Derventa. On the other side of the battlefield, Storm battalion Wolfs from Vučjak (Vukovi s Vučjaka) had a decisive role in the fights around town Modriča, charging enemy lines at fortified position Jakeš. Having liberated Modriča and the whole right bank of Bosnia river, on Vidovdan (Serbian national holiday) June 28, the Army of Republika Srpska managed to secure a safe corridor through the Croatian lines, after which the forces of the 1st Krajina and Eastern Bosnia corpus connected. This meant the end of a 42-day-long land-air blockade of the western part of Srpska and RSK, and on the 30th of June 1992, Serbian Red Cross convoy numbering 12 trucks entered Banja Luka, bringing necessary medical supplies. By 12 of July, the Army of Republika Srpska conquered the towns Odžak and Derventa and besieged the town of Bosanski Brod. The formal end of Operation Corridor 92 was the retreat of Croatian forces from Bosanski Brod, on the 6th of October 1992.

 

During the operation, 1,261 Croatian soldiers were killed, and 6,250 were wounded, while 413 members of the VRS and the SAO Krajina forces were killed and 1,505 were wounded during the operation. During the operation, the Army of Republika Srpska conquered an area size of 760 square kilometers that included 4 cities (Modriča, Derventa, Odžak, and Bosanski Brod) and 24 villages, and secured the bank of Sava river, therefore completely realizing its military goals. Corridor 92 was the first military operation of the Army of Republika Srpska and its huge success was an important contribution to the army combat experience, organization, and battle morale.


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